Kitchen Tools and Equipment for Greek and Cypriot Cuisine

Unlock the full potential of Greek and Cypriot cuisine by equipping your kitchen with the essential tools and equipment needed to create authentic, flavorful dishes. In this comprehensive guide, we explore the indispensable items that will help culinary arts students, chefs, researchers, and the general public recreate the vibrant flavors and textures of the Mediterranean in their own kitchens.

Mortar and Pestle

A mortar and pestle is a traditional tool used for grinding and crushing herbs, spices, and other ingredients, releasing their full flavor and aroma. This simple yet indispensable tool is crucial for preparing spice blends, marinades, and dips like skordalia and tzatziki.

Greek Coffee Pot (Briki)

The briki, a small, long-handled pot, is essential for brewing Greek coffee, a rich and aromatic beverage that plays a significant role in Greek culture. The briki’s unique design allows for the coffee grounds to settle at the bottom, while creating a thick, frothy layer on top.

Filo Dough Brush

A filo dough brush, typically made with natural bristles, is used to gently apply melted butter or oil to delicate layers of filo pastry. This ensures even browning and a flaky texture in dishes like baklava, spanakopita, and tiropita.


A grater is a versatile tool used to shred, grate, and zest a variety of ingredients in Greek and Cypriot cuisine, including cheeses like feta and kefalotyri, as well as citrus fruits, garlic, and nutmeg. A fine grater or microplane is particularly useful for zesting citrus and grating hard spices, while a box grater offers multiple grating options for different textures.


Skewers, made from either metal or bamboo, are essential for preparing Greek and Cypriot grilled dishes like souvlaki and sheftalia. Skewers allow for even cooking and easy handling over an open flame or grill, ensuring that the ingredients develop a delicious, caramelized crust.

Citrus Juicer

A citrus juicer, whether manual or electric, simplifies the process of extracting juice from lemons, oranges, and other citrus fruits, which are fundamental to the bright and tangy flavors of Greek and Cypriot cuisine. Citrus juice is commonly used in marinades, dressings, and sauces, adding a touch of acidity and freshness to various dishes.

Casserole Dish (Terra Cotta or Dutch Oven)

A casserole dish, made from terra cotta or heavy-duty cast iron (like a Dutch oven), is ideal for slow-cooking Greek and Cypriot stews, braises, and baked dishes. These vessels provide even heat distribution and retain heat well, ensuring that ingredients cook gently and develop deep, complex flavors.


The mezzaluna, a curved, double-handled knife, is a useful tool for finely chopping herbs, nuts, and vegetables, which are crucial components of many Greek and Cypriot dishes. Its unique design allows for efficient and precise chopping while minimizing the risk of bruising delicate herbs.

Strainer and Cheesecloth

A fine-mesh strainer and cheesecloth are invaluable for straining yogurt, purées, and sauces, ensuring a smooth and creamy texture in Greek and Cypriot dishes. These tools are particularly useful for making strained yogurt (like Greek yogurt) and clarifying broths and stocks.

Baking Trays and Pans

Various baking trays and pans are essential for preparing Greek and Cypriot pastries, pies, and baked dishes. Round, square, or rectangular pans are suitable for assembling layered dishes like moussaka and pastitsio, while shallow trays are ideal for baking sweet and savory pastries like baklava and spanakopita.

The cooking techniques employed in Greek and Cypriot cuisine showcase the region’s culinary ingenuity, respect for ingredients, and commitment to creating dishes that delight the senses. By understanding and mastering these methods, culinary arts students, chefs, researchers, and the general public can fully embrace the art of Mediterranean cooking and bring the vibrant flavors of Greece and Cyprus to life in their own kitchens. With a strong foundation in these techniques, you will be well-equipped to explore, innovate, and savor the diverse and flavorful world of Greek and Cypriot cuisine. Delve into the rich culinary traditions of the Mediterranean and discover the techniques that have been passed down through generations, enabling you to create dishes that are both authentic and inspiring.